Legal Roundup – 8 November 2012

About the author(s):

Katharine Fortin is an Associate Professor at Utrecht University where she teaches IHL and IHRL. Before joining Utrecht University, she worked at the ICTY, ICC and Norton Rose Fulbright. She is the author of The Accountability of Armed Groups under Human Rights Law (Oxford University Press, 2017) which won the 2018 Lieber Prize. She has written widely about the framework of law that applies to armed groups in non-international armed conflicts and is one of the editors of the Armed Groups and International Law blog.

Time for another legal update! Every couple of months, Rogier and I compile articles, book chapters, books and blog discussions which we think might be interesting or useful for people doing research on issues relating to armed groups and international law. The selection for September/ October/ November is found below.

Articles, book chapters and books: 


Child soldiers and other children associated with armed forces and armed groups, ICRC, Geneva, August 2012.

Aysegul Aydin, Foreign Powers and Intervention in Armed Conflicts, StanfordUniversity Press, 2012

Zakaria Daboné, Le droit international public relatif aux groupes armés non étatiques, Schulthess, 2012

Cécile Fabre, Cosmopolitan War, Oxford University Press, 2012

Mélanie Jacques, Armed Conflict and Displacement: The Protection of Refugees and Displaced Persons under International Humanitarian Law, Cambridge University Press, 2012

Roel Frakking, ‘Who wants to cover everything, covers nothing’: the organization of indigenous security forces in Indonesia, 1945–50’, Journal of Genocide Research, Volume 14, Issue 3-4, 337-358

David Martin Jones et al., ‘Counter-COIN: Counterinsurgency and the Preemption of Strategy’, Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, Vol. 35, issue 9, 597-617

Christina Hellmich, ‘Fighting Al Qaeda in Yemen? Rethinking the Nature of the Islamist Threat and the Effectiveness of U.S. Counterterrorism Strategy’, Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, Vol. 35, issue 9, 618-633

Matthew C. Waxman, ‘Temporality and Terrorism in International Humanitarian Law’, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Vol. 14, 2011, 411-417

Robert D. Sloane, ‘Taking Stock Ten Years In: COIN, Casualties and Costs in the Long War – An Introduction’, Boston University International Law Journal, Vol. 30, no. 2, Summer 2012, 565-574

Joshua Kilberg, ‘A Basic Model Explaining Terrorist Group Organizational Structure’, Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, Vol. 35, issue 11, 810-830

Drones and other transnational military operations

Living under Drones, Death, Injury and Trauma to Civilians from US Drone Practices in Pakistan, International Human Rights and Conflict Resolution Clinic, Stanford Law School & Global Justice Clinic,  NYU Law School, September 2012

Robert Chesney, “Beyond the Battlefield, Beyond Al Qaeda: The Destabilizing Legal Architecture of Counterterrorism”, forthcoming in Michigan Law Review, on SSRN as  U of Texas Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 227

Michael N. Schmitt, ‘Unmanned combat aircraft systems and international humanitarian law: simplifying the oft benighted debate’, Boston University International Law Journal, Vol. 30, no. 2, Summer 2012, 595-619

Targeting and detention

The Copenhagen Process On The Handling Of Detainees In International Military Operations, The Copenhagen Process: Principles And Guidelines

Janina Dill and Henry Shue. ‘Limiting the Killing in War: Military Necessity and the St. Petersburg Assumption’, Ethics and International Affairs, Vol. 26, issue 3, 2012, 311-333

Kevin Jon Heller, ‘One Hell of a Killing Machine: Signature Strikes and International Law’, Journal of International Criminal Justice, forthcoming; draft available on SSRN

Vijay M. Padmanabhan, ‘Legacy of 9/11: continuing the humanization of humanitarian law’, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Vol. 14, 2011, 419-430

Beth van Schaack, ‘The killing of Osama Bin Laden and Anwar Al-Aulaqi: uncharted legal territory’, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Vol. 14, 2011, 255-325

D. Webber, ‘Preventive detention in the law of armed conflict: throwing away the key?’, Journal of National Security Law and Policy, Vol. 6, no. 1. 2012, 167-206  

Classification of armed conflict and applicable law

Occupation and Other Forms of Administration of Foreign Territory, ICRC, 2012

Omar Adulle Alasow, ‘Violations of the Rules Applicable in Non-International Armed Conflicts and Their Possible Causes: The Case of Somalia’, Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies, Vol. 2, Issue 2, 353-358

Annyssa Bellal and Louise Doswald-Beck, ‘Evaluating the use of force during the Arab Spring’, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Vol. 14, 2011, 3-35

Blank, Laurie R. and Corn, Geoffrey S., ‘Losing the Forest for the Trees: Syria, Law and the Imperatives of Conflict Recognition’, Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law,Vol. 46, 2013, see

Craig A. Bloom, ‘Square pegs and round holes: Mexico, drugs, and international law’, Houston Journal of International Law, Vol. 34, no. 2, 2012, 345-414

R. Falk, ‘9/11 & 9/12 + 10 = the United States, al Qaeda, and the World’, Transnational Law and Contemporary Problems, Vol. 21, no. 1, 2012, 9-29

Rishi Gulati , ‘The 26/11 Terrorist Attacks and the Application of the Laws of Armed Conflict’, ISIL Yearbook of International Humanitarian and Refugee Law, Vol X, (2012), 91-113; draft available on SRN

Rob McLaughlin, ‘Legal-policy considerations and conflict characterisation at the threshold between law enforcement and non-international armed conflict’, Melbourne Journal of International Law, Vol. 13, no. 1, June 2012, 1-28.

Giuseppe Nesi, ‘Recognition Of The Libyan National Transitional Council: When, How And Why’, Italian Yearbook Of International Law, Vol. XXI – 2011 

Cyber warfare

Heather Harrison Dinniss, Cyber warfare and the laws of war, Cambridge University Press, 2012

Tallinn Manual on the International Law applicable to Cyber Warfare (to be published by Cambridge University Press; a draft is already available online) 


K. Manusama, ‘Prosecuting pirates in the Netherlands: the case of the MS Samanyolu’, Military Law and the Law of War Review, 2009, Vol. 48, no. 3-4, 141-168

Bibi van Ginkel et al, ‘Testing the waters : assessing international responses to Somali piracy’, Journal of International Criminal Justice, Vol. 10, no. 4, September 2012, 717-880  

Human rights

Andrew Clapham, ‘Weapons and Armed Non-State Actors’, in S. Casey-Maslen (ed.), Weapons and Human Rights Law, Cambridge University Press, forthcoming; available on SSRN

Jelena Pejic, ‘The ECtHR’s Al-Jedda Judgment: Implications for IHL’, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Vol. 14, 2011, 237-253

F. Naert, ‘The European Court of Human Rights’ Al-Jedda and Al-Skeini Judgments: an Introduction and Some Reflections’, Military Law and the Law of War Review, 2009, vol. 48, no. 3-4 (full text available here)

F. Messineo, ‘Things Could only Get Better: Al-Jedda beyond Behrami’,Military Law and the Law of War Review, 2009, vol. 48, no. 3-4 (abstract)

K. M. Larsen, ‘Neither Effective Control nor Ultimate Authority and Control: Attribution of Conduct in Al-Jedda’, Military Law and the Law of War Review, 2009, Vol. 48, no. 3-4 (abstract)

A-M. Baldovin, ‘Impact de la jurisprudence récente de la Cour européenne des droits de l’Homme sur la planification et l’exécution des opérations militaires à venir: Application extraterritoriale de la Convention, imputabilité des faits des troupes et fragmentation du droit international’, Military Law and the Law of War Review, 2009, Vol. 48, no. 3-4  (abstract)

H. Krieger, ‘After Al-Jedda: Detention, Derogation, and an Enduring Dilemma’, Military Law and the Law of War Review, 2009, Vol. 48, no. 3-4 (abstract)

International criminal law

Roman Graf, ‘The International Criminal Court and Child Soldiers: an Appraisal of the Lubanga Judgment’, Journal of International Criminal Justice, Vol. 10, issue 4, 945-969

Gerhard Werle and Boris Burghardt, ‘Do Crimes Against Humanity Require the Participation of a State or a ‘State-like’ Organization?’, Journal of International Criminal Justice, 2012 (advanced access)

Harmen Van der Wilt, ‘Requirement of a Nexus with an Armed Conflict’, Journal of International Criminal Justice, 2012 (advanced access)

Transitional justice

J. Bernstein, ‘Negotiating the insurgency: the case for settling Afghanistan’s war and securing “negative” peace’, Yale Journal of International Affairs, 2012, Vol. 7, no. 1, p. 23-37

Claire Garbett, ‘The legal representation of the civilian and military casualties of contemporary conflicts: unlawful victimisation, its victims and their visibility at the ICTY’, The International Journal of Human Rights, Vol. 16, Issue 7, 2012, 1059-1077

Sebastian von Einsiedel, David M. Malone, Suman Pradhan, eds, Nepal in Transition: from People’s War to Fragile Peace, Cambridge University Press, 2012

Marina Mancini, ‘The Day After: Prosecuting International Crimes Committed In Libya’, Italian Yearbook Of International Law, Vol. XXI – 2011

Blog discussions/ posts:

Discussion over at Opinion Juris on the DC Circuit’s opinion in Hamdan v. United States, holding that material support for terrorism was not a war crime before 2001. Kevin Jon Heller welcomed the decision and Deborah Pearlstein discussed what Congress should take from Hamdan. There was also discussion on the decision on the Lawfare blog with John Bellinger and Robert Chesney questioning whether the decision means that the Guantanamo detainees should have been tried in a federal court. See also early analysis of the decision on the Lawfare blog by Steve Vladeck, Benjamin Wittes and Jack Goldsmith.

Chantal, Meloni, Palestine and the ICC: Some notes on why it is not a closed chapter

Analysis of ‘Copenhagen Process: Principles and Guidance’ on EJILTalk by Jacques Hartmann.

Three articles under the heading of “The permanent war” in the Washington Post and discussion of the articles on the Opinio Juris blog.

If you would like to alert us of a publication which you would like to appear on the next list, please do not hesitate to contact us.

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