Legal Roundup – November 2013

About the author(s):

Katharine Fortin is an Associate Professor at Utrecht University where she teaches IHL and IHRL. Before joining Utrecht University, she worked at the ICTY, ICC and Norton Rose Fulbright. She is the author of The Accountability of Armed Groups under Human Rights Law (Oxford University Press, 2017) which won the 2018 Lieber Prize. She has written widely about the framework of law that applies to armed groups in non-international armed conflicts and is one of the editors of the Armed Groups and International Law blog.

Every few months, Rogier and I compile articles, book chapters, books and blog discussions which we think might be interesting for people doing research on issues relating to armed groups or non-international armed conflict more generally.

The previous selections can be found below. We have grouped the articles into categories for convenience, but please be aware that the grouping is quite arbitrary as many publications fit into more than one category.


Akcinaroglu, S., Radziszewski, E., Private Military Companies, Opportunities, and Termination of Civil Wars in AfricaJournal of Conflict Resolution, October 2013, Vol. 57, No. 5, pp. 795-821

Benvenisti, Eyal, The International Law of Occupation, Oxford University Press, July 2013

Casey-Maslen, The War Report, Oxford University Press, December 2013

Fleck, Dieter, The Handbook of International Humanitarian Law, Oxford University Press, Third Edition, August 2013

Margulies, Peter, Networks in Non-International Armed Conflicts: Crossing Borders and defining ‘Organised Armed Groups’, International Law Studies, Vol 89, 2013, pp. 54-76

Radin., Sasha, The Current Relevance of the Recognition of Belligerency, Matthee, Marielle et al (eds), Armed Conflict and International Law: In Search of the Human Face – Liber Amicorum in Memory of Avril McDonald (T.M.C. Asser Press 2013), pp 115-154

Rodenhäuser, Tilman, Fundamental Standards of Humanity: How International Law Regulates Internal Strife, Journal for International Law of Peace and Armed Conflict, Vol. 26 (2013), pp 121-130 (SSRN version here)

Van den Herik, Larissa, Schrijver, Nico, Counter-Terrorism Strategies in a Fragmented International Legal Order, Meeting the Challenges, Cambridge University Press, August 2013

Drones and Other Transnational Military Operations

Ahmad, Shakeel, A Legal Assessment of the US Drone Strikes in PakistanInternational Criminal Law Review, Volume 13, Number 4 (January 2013), pp 917-930.

Casey-Maslen, Stuart, Pandora’s box? Drone strikes under jus ad bellum, jus in bello, and international human rights lawInternational Review of the Red Cross, Volume 94, Number 886, pp 597-625

Govern, Kevin H., and Scott A Schlager, ‘Guns for Hire, Death on Demand’: The Permissibility of U.S. Outsourcing of Drone Attacks to Civilian Surrogates of the Armed Forces and Challenges to Traditional Just War TheoryFlorida Journal of International Law, Vol. XXV, No. 2 (2013) (SSRN version here)

Lubell, Noam, and Derejko, Nathan, Global Battlefield: Drones and the Geographical Scope of Armed ConflictJournal of International Criminal Justice, Vol. 11, Issue 1, March 2013, pp 65-88

Targeting and Detention

Bachmann, S.D., Targeted Killings: Contemporary Challenges, Risks and OpportunitiesJournal of Conflict and Security Law, Summer 2013, 18 (2), pp 259-288

Hill-Cawthorne, Lawrence, The Copenhagen Principles on the Handling of Detainees: Implications for the Procedural Regulation of Internment, Journal of Conflict and Security Law (advance access)

Hlavkova, Monika, Reconstructing the Civilian/Combatant Divide: A Fresh Look at Targeting in Non-international Armed ConflictJournal of Conflict and Security Law, June 2013

Ni Aoláin, Fionnuala, Gross, Oren, Guantánamo and Beyond, Exceptional Courts and Military Commissions in Comparative Perspective, Cambridge University Press, September 2013

Noll, Gregor, Analogy at War: Proportionality, Equality and the Law of Targeting, Netherlands Yearbook of International Law, Volume 43, Number 1 (December 2013), pp 205-230

Zangeneh, Parisa, ‘The Gloves Came Off’: Torture and the United States after September 11, 2001International Human Rights Law Review, Volume 2, Number 1, pp 82-119

Human Rights

Ambos, Kai and Annika Maleen Poschadel, Terrorists and Fair Trial: The Right to a Fair Trial for Alleged Terrorists Detained in Guantánamo BayUtrecht Law Review, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 109-126

Eatwell, Tatyana, Selling the Pass: Habeas Corpus, Diplomatic Relations and the Protection of Liberty and Security of Persons Detained AbroadInternational and Comparative Law Quarterly, Vol 62, Issue 3, July 2013, pp727-739

Jus ad Bellum

Self-Defense Against Nonstate Actors (Continuation of the Debate: The American Journal of International Law, Vol. 107, No. 3, July 2013):

–       Dapo Akande and Thomas Liefländer, Clarifying Necessity, Imminence, and Proportionality in the Law of Self-Defense, pp 563-570

–       Dire Tladi, The Nonconsenting Innocent State: The Problem with Bethlehem’s Principle, pp 570-576

–       Mahmoud Hmoud, Are New Principles Really Needed? The Potential of the Established Distinction Between Responsibility for Attacks by Nonstate Actors and the Law of Self-Defense, pp 576-579

–       Daniel Bethlehem, Principles of Self-Defense—A Brief Response, pp. 579-585

Birkett, Daley J., The Legality of the 2011 Kenyan Invasion of Somalia and its Implications for the Jus Ad BellumJournal of Conflict and Security Law

Schmitt, Michael, N., The Syrian Intervention, Assessing the Possible International Law Justifications, 89 International Law Studies, 744, 2013

Stahn, Carsten, On ‘Red Lines’ and ‘Blurred Lines’: Syria and the Semantics of Intervention, Aggression and Punishment, SRRN, September 2013

White, Nigel D. & Christian Henderson, Research Handbook on International Conflict and Security Law: Jus ad Bellum, Jus in Bello and Jus post Bellum (Edward Elgar Publishing 2013)

Cyber warfare

Blank, Laurie, R. International Law and Cyber Threats from Non-State Actors, International Law Studies, Vol 89, 2013, pp. 406-437

Fleck, Dieter, Searching for International Rules Applicable to Cyber Warfare—A Critical First Assessment of the New Tallinn Manual, Journal of Conflict and Security Law, Summer 2013, 18 (2), pp. 331-351.

Geiss, Robin, Cyber Warfare: Implications for Non-International Armed Conflicts, International Law Studies, Vol 89, 2013, pp. 627-645

Schmitt, Michael, N., Classification of Cyber Conflict, International Law Studies, Vol 89, 2013, pp. 233-251

International Criminal Law and Transitional Justice

Brannigan, Augustine, Beyond the Banality of Evil, Criminology and Genocide, Clarendon Studies in Criminology, August 2013

Dugard, John, Palestine and the International Criminal Court: Institutional Failure or Bias?, Journal of International Criminal Justice, Volume 11, Number 3

Lyons, Joshua, Documenting violations of international humanitarian law from space: a critical review of geospatial analysis of satellite imagery during armed conflicts in Gaza (2009), Georgia (2008), and Sri Lanka (2009)International Review of the Red Cross, Volume 94, Number 886, pp 739-763

Marochkin, Sergei Yu.; Popov, Vladimir A., International Humanitarian and Human Rights Law in Russian CourtsJournal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies, Vol 2, Issue 2, pp.216-249

Mukwiza Ndahinda, Felix, The Bemba-Banyamulenge Case before the ICC: From Individual to Collective Criminal ResponsibilityInternational Journal of Transitional Justice (2013)

Ohlin, Jens David, van Sliedregt, Elies and Weigend, Thomas, Assessing the Control Theory, Leiden Journal of International LawVol 26, Issue 03, September 2013, pp. 725-746

Ronen, Yael, Silent Enim Leges Inter Arma– but Beware the Background Noise: Domestic Courts as Agents of Development of the Law on the Conduct of HostilitiesLeiden Journal of International Law, Volume 26, Number 3

Solis, Gary D., The Gotovina Acquital: A sound appellate course correction, Military Law Review, Volume 215 Spring 2013, pp 78-107


Byman, Daniel, Outside Support for Insurgent MovementsStudies in Conflict & Terrorism, Vol 36, Issue 12, 2013, pp. 981-1004

Ezani, Aitan, The Hybrid Terrorist Organisation: Hezbollah as a Case StudyStudies in Conflict & Terrorism, Vol 36, Issue 11, 2013, pp. 899-916

Ganor Boaz, Wernli, Miri Halperin, The Infiltration of Terrorist Organizations Into the Pharmaceutical Industry: Hezbollah as a Case StudyStudies in Conflict & Terrorism, Vol 36, Issue 9, 2013, pp. 699-712

Guilfoyle, D., Somali pirates as agents of change in international law-making and organisationCambridge Journal of International and Comparative Law, 2012, Vol I, No. 3, pp. 81-106

Petrig, Anna, The Use of Force and Firearms by Private Maritime Security Companies against Suspected PiratesInternational and Comparative Law Quarterly, Vol 62, Issue 3, July 2013, pp667-701

For previous Armed Groups and International Law legal roundups see here (September 2012), here (November 2012), here (February 2013) and here (March-June 2013).


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