human rights law

Forgotten Freedoms: The Right to Free Expression in Areas Controlled by Non-State Armed Actors

Back to Basics: Non-State Armed Actors and Human Rights Obligations It’s the same old story. Are non-state armed actors bound solely by international humanitarian law (IHL) or by international human rights law (IHRL) as well? The discussion is on-going, unsettled, borderline passé and, still, painfully relevant.   In a gist, while no one denies the applicability …

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Human rights derogations/ restrictions in the time of COVID-19: what is their relevance in situations where an armed group or de facto entity controls territory?

As we scramble to understand how international law governs the COVID-19 crisis, it has been rightfully said that it is important not to forget the hundreds of thousands of people who are living in territories controlled by armed groups. Although international humanitarian law will undoubtedly protect the people living in these territories, some of the …

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From cockroaches to rosebuds: changing the international community’s perception of non-State armed groups

The 2019 ICRC so called ‘Challenges Report’ has identified the ‘proliferation of non?State armed groups’ (NSAG) as being a central feature of ‘the changing geopolitical landscape of the last decade’. It is undeniable that the existence of a multiplicity of NSAG in a given context creates serious challenges for humanitarian and aid organisations, not only …

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Developing international law in territories controlled by armed groups: upholding life-saving conditions – but what about promoting political and legal legitimacy of non-state authority?*

The ICRC’s 2019 report on International Humanitarian Law on Challenges of Contemporary Armed Conflicts identifies the protection of persons living in territory under the control of armed groups as one of the main practical and legal challenges facing IHL, the ICRC and the broader international community today (pp.52-54). These challenges arise inter alia from the …

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Symposium on the Legal Regime Protecting Persons Living Under the Control of Non-State Armed Groups

There are currently some 100 armed conflicts around the world, most of which are non-international in nature, involving one or more non-State armed groups (NSAG). In the course of such conflicts, armed groups frequently gain control over territory and the populations living therein. At times NSAG control is short-lived; at other times it may be …

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Monitoring IHL Compliance during Non-International Armed Conflicts: The Need for a Complementary Approach – Part II

The Monitoring System of the Office of the Special Representative of the SG for Children and Armed Conflict Apart from the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and the Optional Protocol to the CRC, the thematic area of children in armed conflict is monitored by the Office of the Special Representative of the …

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AHRI Conference 2019 Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law: Challenges Ahead – Call for papers

Please find below the text of the call:- As the largest inter-disciplinary and general research conference on human rights, the AHRI 2019 Conference (6th-7th September 2019 in Potsdam, Germany) welcomes both individual papers and panels exploring the themes set out below. The 70th anniversary of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 gave rise to the leading …

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New article: The application of human rights law to everyday life under rebel control

My article on The Application of Human Rights Law to Everyday Life under Rebel Control has recently been published by the Netherlands International Law Review and is available via open access. In the article, I draw upon social science literature to offer a new assessment of the normative value of human rights law vis–à–vis international humanitarian …

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New Publication on the Obligations of Armed Groups under Human Rights Law

Readers of this blog will receive a 20% discount on Daragh Murray’s new publication entitled Human Rights Obligations of Non-State Armed Groups which was recently published by Hart. More details of the book (including a clearer version of the text above) can be found here. Daragh Murray is a lecturer at Essex University and Director …

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