Analysis

Armed Conflict is not the Only Emergency: Armed Groups, Climate Change and Emergency Governance

The reach of the COVID-19 pandemic over the past two years has been indiscriminate. The pandemic has swept throughout the world, from peaceful countries to countries embroiled in armed conflict and areas under the control of armed groups. Like States, some armed groups have responded to the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic by imposing lockdowns, …

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Three birds with one stone: the potential of special agreements to vaccinate in non-international armed conflicts

Since their development, the administration of vaccine doses is the main tool combating the further spread of the COVID-19 virus. Currently, roughly 4,5 billion people in the world have been fully vaccinated. Strikingly, most of these vaccines are administered in high- and upper-middle-income countries leaving out the most vulnerable populations in conflict regions. Missing critical …

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Let’s talk about policy: non-State armed groups and international environmental law 

In recent years, legal scholars have sought to answer the question of whether, and if so how, non-State armed groups (NSAGs) are bound by international human rights law (IHRL). In the same vein, however, it remains unexplored whether NSAGs have obligations under international environmental law (IEL). This gap was addressed by Thibaud de La Bourdonnaye, …

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Teaching legal blogging and a student blog symposium on AGIL

Between 14th March – 1st April, I taught a short four-session (1 hr 45 mins each) course entitled Armed Groups and International Law in which the assessment type was legal blogging. The course fitted into our capita selecta period of teaching on the public international law LLM at Utrecht. During this period, students are able …

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New report on the Judiciary System of the Autonomous Administration

Last week, Omran Center for Strategic Studies published the English translation of a detailed report on the judicial system of the Autonomous Administration in North and East Syria (originally published in Arabic in August 2021). Below, you can find the Omran Center’s description of the report and the full version can be found here. As …

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Emergency governance: armed-non-state actors facing COVID-19

*This blog is written in the authors’ personal capacities and does not purport to represent the views of Geneva Call* For the past two years, governments have been adopting a wide range of measures to contain the spread of COVID-19 and limit its human and economic impact, with a profound effect on the daily lives …

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Ensuring vaccinations in territories under the control of non-State armed groups

*The views expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations* By December 2021, people living in humanitarian emergencies had received less than 4 per cent of the 8 billion globally administered doses of the COVID-19 vaccine. As a UN official stated, the “poorest and conflict-affected …

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COVID-19 measures by armed groups: what legal framework applies?

*The views expressed in this post are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the ICRC* In 2020, armed groups in Colombia began imposing COVID-19 containment measures ranging from bans on traveling in boats and vehicles to shop closures, night-time curfews and lockdowns of entire communities. This is only one example …

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Blog symposium: The Role of Non-State Armed Groups in Addressing the COVID-19 Pandemic

Individuals living in conflict-affected zones have been particularly vulnerable to the spread of COVID-19 during the last few years. This has been mainly due to their lack of access to appropriate facilities, testing kits and vaccines, often combined with unstable and violent scenarios. Understandably, as a result of the predominant State-centric architecture of the international …

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“Negotiating Survival” Book Symposium – Author Response to Contributors

I am incredibly grateful for all of the thoughtful contributions to this symposium, and read them with genuine excitement. The research for the Negotiating Survival and the writing process took many twists and turns. Initially, the focus wasn’t even civilian life under the Taliban. I intended to investigate the Taliban itself, and specifically how ideology …

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