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French Court sentences former commander of ULIMO, Kunti Kamara, to life

On the 2nd of November, after almost four weeks of trial, Paris Cour d’assisses found Mr Kunti Kamara guilty of crimes against humanity and several other crimes. Mr Kamara, 48, is a former member and regional commander of the rebel group United Liberation Movement of Liberia for Democracy (ULIMO), which was active during Liberia’s first …

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The Tigray People’s Liberation Front: A Provincial Ruling Political Party turned into a Rebel Government

The ongoing non-international armed conflict (NIAC) in the northern part of Ethiopia, mainly in the Tigray region, pitted the Ethiopian National Defence Force (ENDF) and allied forces (including troops from neighbouring Eritrea) against the Tigray Liberation Front (TPLF). The TPLF has been the governing political party in the Tigray region since 1991. It was also the dominant …

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Legal Roundup February 2022 – September 2022

We are very pleased to present the legal roundup for February 2022 – September 2022, that contains publications on issues related armed groups and international law, non-international armed conflict and transitional justice. It was prepared by Begüm Simsir, and it was finalised with input from Ezequiel Heffes, Katharine Fortin and Andrea Farrés. If you have …

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The respect and implementation of the right to truth by armed non-state actors

It is well known that the truth is an essential value in transitional justice processes (TJP), and it is one of its areas of action together with justice, reparation, guarantees of non-repetition and memorialization processes (UN Report 2020). Since the right to truth has been recognized, it has evolved and nowadays it is widely recognized …

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Deciphering the M23 Conundrum in the Democratic Republic of Congo: Armed Non-State Actor Control, Proxy Occupation and the Tale of Re-incarnated Evolutions – Part II

Introduction Proxy engagement manifests in different situations, but especially in the conduct of hostilities and in the control of territory. Although both occurrences may not be effected contemporaneously by the state in concert with its proxy, it is nearly always the case that any significant advances in both situations, will necessitate the proxy to operate …

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Deciphering the M23 Conundrum in the Democratic Republic of Congo: Armed Non-State Actor Control, Proxy Occupation and the Tale of Re-incarnated Evolutions– Part I

Introduction The situation in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) continues to present complexity, both in the arena of international law, and of politics. Eastern DRC has witnessed largely sustained armed violence for the better part of two and a half decades, with the cyclical disappearance and re-emergence (and arguably, …

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Women’s Involvement in Jihadi Armed Groups through the Study of Armed Groups’ Practices: From Hamas to ISIS – Part II

Introduction This part of a two-part blog post tries to evidence the evolution of the perception of women’s involvement in armed non-state actors (hereinafter ANSAs) to engage in jihad. It contrasts with the first part, which analyses classical Islamic Law sources and their general discouragement for women’s participation in jihad -with any role-. This post tries to evidence …

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Women Combatants in Jihad under Islamic Law: Doctrines, Justifications, and Misconceptions – Part I

Introduction  Following the atrocities committed by armed non-state actors (ANSAs hereinafter) in the Syrian conflict, Islamic Law is on the agenda for the promotion of peace and accountability. Moreover, the foreign fighters’ momentum raises many questions around the membership of women in ANSAs, particularly jihadi groups. Recent practices of States amending their legislation to broaden their extraterritorial …

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Book Discussion: Detention by Non-State Armed Groups under International Law

Monday (Today), June 13, 2022, 14h00-15h30 EST /20h00-21h30 CET The Lieber Society on the Law of Armed Conflict invites you to join us for a discussion of Dr. Ezequiel Heffes’ (one of our co-editors) new book, Detention by Non-State Armed Groups under International Law. The book explores the legal regulation of non-State armed groups’ (NSAGs) …

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“Rebel Courts” Book Symposium – Author Response to Contributors

It is both terribly pleasing and terrifying to be invited to have a book symposium around a recent book. A substantive conversation with a group of diverse, insightful, and engaged readers is exactly the kind of exercise that academia should more systematically foster, but in reality most of us are over-solicited in too many different …

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